1. Mary, the mother of Jesus, was the same individual as Miriam, the sister of Moses and Aaron and daughter of Amram:
“Then she brought him to her people, carrying him. They said, ‘O Mary, you have certainly done a thing unprecedented. O sister of Aaron, your father was not a man of evil, nor was your mother unchaste’” (Surah 19:27-28).
“And [the example of] Mary, the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity, so We blew into [her garment] through Our angel, and she believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient” (Surah 66:12).
‘Imran is an alternate spelling of Amram who is the father of Moses, Aaron, and Miriam according to the Bible:
“Amram took as his wife Jochebed his father’s sister, and she bore him Aaron and Moses, the years of the life of Amram being 137 years” (Exod 6:20).
“[Mention, O Muhammad], when the wife of ‘Imran said, ‘My Lord, indeed I have pledged to You what is in my womb, consecrated [for Your service], so accept this from me. Indeed, You are the Hearing, the Knowing.’ But when she delivered her, she said, ‘My Lord, I have delivered a female.’ And Allah was most knowing of what she delivered, ‘And the male is not like the female. And I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge for her in You and [for] her descendants from Satan, the expelled [from the mercy of Allah]’” (Surah 3:35-36).
This mistake is understandable given that the name Mary comes from the Hebrew name Miriam.
2. Haman lived at the same time as Moses and was a servant to Pharaoh:
“And We did certainly send Moses with Our signs and a clear authority to Pharaoh, Haman and Qarun [Korah]; but they said, ‘[He is] a magician and a liar’” (Surah 40:23-24).
“And Pharaoh said, ‘O Haman, construct for me a tower that I might reach the ways – the ways into the heavens – so that I may look at the deity of Moses; but indeed, I think he is a liar.’ And thus was made attractive to Pharaoh the evil of his deed, and he was averted from the [right] way. And the plan of Pharaoh was not except in ruin” (Surah 40:36-37).
Here, the Quran confuses the story of the “Tower of Babel” with Pharaoh, Haman and Korach.
3. Pharaoh used “crucifixion” as the method of the death penalty:
The Qur’an tells us that Joseph interpreted the dream of his prison-mate:
“O my two companions of the prison! As to one of you, he will pour out the wine for his lord to drink: and as for the other, he will be crucified, and the birds will eat from his head. Thus is the case judged concerning which you both did enquire.” [Surah 12:41]
Centuries later, according to the Qur’an, Pharaoh threatened his magicians, who believed in Moses, saying:
Be sure I will cut off your hands and your feet on opposite sides, and I will cause you all to die on the cross [Surah 7:124, see also Surahs 26:49 and 20:71]
The major problem with these statements from the Qur’an is that there is no archeological or historical evidence that the Egyptians used crucifixion as a form of punishment in the time of Joseph, or in the time of Moses. Crucifixion only becomes a punishment much later in history in another culture before it has been taken over by the Egyptians. Such threats made by a Pharaoh of these time periods would be historically inaccurate. The Egyptians executed people by impaling a pointed stake [or tp-ht in hieroglyphs] through the victim. Centuries later, the Romans executed people by fastening the victim to a cross with rope or nails, and they called this crucifixion. Simply put, crucifixion defines a method of execution used by the Romans and the techniques of impalement used by the ancient Egyptians cannot properly be referred to as crucifixion.
Because the Quran is mistaken in these three instances and the Torah says not to follow a false prophet but rather, such false prophet shall be put to death “at the mouth of two or three witnesses” [the Quran’s mistakes are “three witnesses” against Muhammad] ; we may safely reject the Quran and the “prophet-hood” of Muhammad.